Heavenly King

Object nr. 369 China, Tang Dynasty (618-907) Height: 180 cm

- Private Collection, The Netherlands 2010
- Mr. E. Wong Collection, Hong Kong 1996

TL tested by Oxford Authentication, ltd.

Vanderven Catalogue Figures 2018, no. 12

Price on request

This object can be viewed in our gallery.

Additional Information

Heavenly King

This impressive large figure of Tianwang (Heavenly King), is dressed in full multi-layered body armour, with dragon mouth sleeves. It is highly embellished with beautiful flowers in natural pigments and gold leaf. The hands are opened as if engaged in some form of martial art. He stands on two small squirming demons, showing his ability to control evil spirits. He sports a fabulous headdress in the shape of a phoenix.

The scowling features with large, bulging eyes, flared nostrils and exotic moustache, appear to belong to a foreigner, possibly a Persian mercenary. This would have been a menacing sight for the Chinese, certainly frightening enough to ward off evil spirits. Strict Tang sumptuary laws, would have meant that this unusually large figure could only have been  intended for the tomb-entrance of an aristocrat or royal prince.

Comparable figures, can be found in museum collections, such as The Asian Art Museum (San Francisco). A pair excavated from the Tomb of Li Zhen, are now in the Zhoaling Museum, Shanxi. This type of figure is also found in temple complexes, such as the Dunhuang cave temples.

tang horses, lokapala, heavenly king

Floris van der Ven