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615. Buddha

China, Shanxi Province, Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), 14th century
Height: 122 cm

佛像
中國山西,明代(公元1368-1644年),約十四世紀
高:122厘米



Provenance: Provenance: Private Collection, United Kingdom

來源:
英國私人收藏

A monumental figure of Buddha seated in padmasana lotus position, with his hands in the dhyana mudra the gesture of absolute balance. He emits a sense of vastness and serenity in meditation. The long low-slung robe covering his legs, is tied at the waist, the chest exposed. His shoulders, arms and thighs are covered by a long cloak. The robes are gilt, with a patterned design and a red lining. The flesh is painted in soft pinkish tones, and the tight curls on the head have traces of the original blue paint. The eyes are inlaid with black glass for dramatic effect. This Buddha was clearly meant to be viewed from the front, as the back has been left relatively unworked.

Stucco was an effective way to produce dramatic and large (religious) sculpture. The figures are generally constructed on a wooden frame, padded with reed, then modelled with clay stucco. It is smoothly finished with a thin layer of gesso, which is sometimes incised with decorative patterns. Finally it is covered with a paper, which is painted and gilded.

這尊大佛像以蓮花式盤坐,手印表示絕對平衡。他在冥想中散發出浩瀚和平靜的感覺。系在腰間的低腰長袍遮住雙腿,坦露胸部。長長的斗篷蓋過了他的肩膀、手臂和大腿。長袍鍍金,襯裡紅色,膚色則以柔和的粉紅為主色調,頭上緊繃的捲髮有藍色痕跡,眼睛鑲嵌著黑色琉璃。這尊佛須面朝供奉者,其背面為毛坯。

灰泥是製作誇張和大型的宗教雕塑的有效方式。這些塑像的製作通常須先搭建木框架,接著用蘆葦填充,然後用黏土灰泥塑型,再以一層薄石膏將表面修整平滑,表面有時也被切割成裝飾圖案,最後用塗色鍍金的紙覆蓋全身。

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